Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 2008 Jul 15;181(2):1272-81.

Biphasic regulation of Il2 transcription in CD4+ T cells: roles for TNF-alpha receptor signaling and chromatin structure.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


We describe a novel biphasic regulation of Il2 transcription in naive CD4(+) T cells. Few ( approximately 5%) CD4(+) T cells transcribe Il2 within 6 h of anti-TCR-beta plus anti-CD28 stimulation (early phase). Most naive CD4(+) T cells do not initiate Il2 transcription until after an additional approximately 12 h of T cell stimulation (late phase). In comparison, essentially all previously activated (Pre-Ac) CD4(+) T cells that transcribe Il2 do so with an early-phase response. Late-phase Il2 expression mostly requires c-Rel, CD28, and TNFR signaling. In contrast, early-phase transcription is only partly c-Rel and CD28 dependent and TNFR independent. There was also increased stable DNA accessibility at the Il2 locus and elevated c-Rel expression in resting Pre-Ac CD4(+) cells. Upon T cell activation, a faster and greater increase in DNA accessibility as well as c-Rel nuclear expression were observed in Pre-Ac CD4(+) cells relative to naive CD4(+) T cells. In addition, both acetylated histone H3 and total H3 decreased at the Il2 locus upon rechallenge of Pre-Ac CD4(+) T cells, whereas increased acetylated histone H3 with no change in total H3 was observed following activation of naive CD4(+) T cells. We propose a model in which nucleosome disassembly facilitates rapid initiation of Il2 transcription in CD4(+) T cells, and suggest that a threshold level of c-Rel must be reached for Il2 promoter activity in both naive and Pre-Ac CD4(+) T cells. This is provided, at least partially, by TNFR signaling during priming, but not during recall.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk