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J Immunol. 2008 Jul 15;181(2):1272-81.

Biphasic regulation of Il2 transcription in CD4+ T cells: roles for TNF-alpha receptor signaling and chromatin structure.

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  • 1Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. mckarnss@health.missouri.edu

Abstract

We describe a novel biphasic regulation of Il2 transcription in naive CD4(+) T cells. Few ( approximately 5%) CD4(+) T cells transcribe Il2 within 6 h of anti-TCR-beta plus anti-CD28 stimulation (early phase). Most naive CD4(+) T cells do not initiate Il2 transcription until after an additional approximately 12 h of T cell stimulation (late phase). In comparison, essentially all previously activated (Pre-Ac) CD4(+) T cells that transcribe Il2 do so with an early-phase response. Late-phase Il2 expression mostly requires c-Rel, CD28, and TNFR signaling. In contrast, early-phase transcription is only partly c-Rel and CD28 dependent and TNFR independent. There was also increased stable DNA accessibility at the Il2 locus and elevated c-Rel expression in resting Pre-Ac CD4(+) cells. Upon T cell activation, a faster and greater increase in DNA accessibility as well as c-Rel nuclear expression were observed in Pre-Ac CD4(+) cells relative to naive CD4(+) T cells. In addition, both acetylated histone H3 and total H3 decreased at the Il2 locus upon rechallenge of Pre-Ac CD4(+) T cells, whereas increased acetylated histone H3 with no change in total H3 was observed following activation of naive CD4(+) T cells. We propose a model in which nucleosome disassembly facilitates rapid initiation of Il2 transcription in CD4(+) T cells, and suggest that a threshold level of c-Rel must be reached for Il2 promoter activity in both naive and Pre-Ac CD4(+) T cells. This is provided, at least partially, by TNFR signaling during priming, but not during recall.

PMID:
18606681
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2484123
Free PMC Article
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