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J Hosp Infect. 2008 Sep;70(1):76-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2008.04.028. Epub 2008 Jul 3.

Achieving optimal influenza vaccination rates: a survey-based study of healthcare workers in an urban hospital.

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  • 1Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center, Bronx, New York 10457, USA. monica.mehta@liu.edu

Abstract

In the USA, more than 36 000 deaths and 114 000 hospitalisations result from the influenza virus annually. Healthcare workers have been identified as a key source of influenza outbreaks. Despite Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations to vaccinate all healthcare workers, the rate remains low. A survey-based investigation of influenza vaccination rates and related factors was carried out in an urban community teaching medical centre. A total of 570 surveys revealed a 56.5% influenza vaccination rate among participants. Participants who received the vaccine had a significantly higher mean influenza knowledge score compared to those who did not receive the vaccine (P=0.003). Also, a relationship was identified between those who received the vaccine and the perception that the purpose of the vaccine is to prevent patients from being exposed to influenza (P=0.001). Lastly, hospital departments in which managers actively encouraged and facilitated vaccination had higher rates in general.

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