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Aviat Space Environ Med. 1991 Jun;62(6):543-50.

Importance of eccentric actions in performance adaptations to resistance training.

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  • 1Biomedical Laboratory, Bionetics Corporation, Kennedy Space Center, FL 32899.

Abstract

The inability of the exercises presently used during space-flight to maintain muscle strength and mass may reflect the absence of eccentric (ecc) muscle actions. This study examined the importance of ecc actions in performance adaptations to resistance training. Middle-aged males performed 4-5 sets of 6-12 repetitions (rep) per set of the leg press and leg extension exercises 2 d each week for 19 weeks. Group CON/ECC (n = 9) performed each rep with concentric (con) and ecc actions, group CON (n = 8) with only con actions. Group CON/CON (n = 10) performed twice as many sets with only con actions. The resistance per set was selected to induce failure within the prescribed number of rep. Eight subjects did not train and served as controls. The increase in the three rep maximum (3RM) after training, in general, showed a hierarchy such that CON/ECC greater than CON/CON greater than CON. The differences (p less than 0.05) were: leg press 3RM with con and ecc actions, CON/ECC greater than CON/CON greater than CON (26 greater than 15 greater than 8%); leg press 3RM with only con actions, CON/ECC or CON/CON greater than CON (22 or 18 greater than 14%); and leg extension 3RM with con and ecc actions, CON/ECC greater than CON (29 greater than 16%). These differences (p less than 0.05) were still evident after 1 month of de-training. The results indicate that omission of ecc actions from resistance training compromises increases in strength, probably because intensity is not optimal.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
1859341
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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