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Biosci Rep. 2008 Aug;28(4):195-203. doi: 10.1042/BSR20080079.

In vitro characterization of native mammalian smooth-muscle protein synaptopodin 2.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, USA.


An analysis of the primary structure of the actin-binding protein fesselin revealed it to be the avian homologue of mammalian synaptopodin 2 [Schroeter, Beall, Heid, and Chalovich (2008) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 371, 582-586]. We isolated two synaptopodin 2 isoforms from rabbit stomach that corresponded to known types of human synaptopodin 2. The purification scheme used was that developed for avian fesselin. These synaptopodin 2 forms shared several key functions with fesselin. Both avian fesselin and mammalian synaptopodin 2 bound to Ca(2+)-calmodulin, alpha-actinin and smooth-muscle myosin. In addition, both proteins stimulated the polymerization of actin in a Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent manner. Synaptopodin 2 has never before been shown to polymerize actin in the absence of alpha-actinin, to polymerize actin in a Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent manner, or to bind to Ca(2+)-calmodulin or myosin. These properties are consistent with the proposed function of synaptopodin 2 in organizing the cytoskeleton.

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