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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2008 Aug;45(2):176-84. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2008.05.008. Epub 2008 May 23.

Wide long lasting perinuclear Ca2+ release events generated by an interaction between ryanodine and IP3 receptors in canine Purkinje cells.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Center for Molecular Therapeutics, Columbia University, New York NY, USA.


The purpose of this study was to determine whether IP(3)Rs contribute to the generation of wide long lasting perinuclear Ca(2+) release events in canine Purkinje cells. Spontaneous Ca(2+) release events (elevations of basal [Ca(2+)] equivalent to F/F(0) 3.4SD over F(0)) were imaged using Fluo-4AM and 2D confocal microscope. Only cells free of Ca(2+) waves were analyzed. Subsarcolemmal region (SSL) was defined as 5 microm from cell edges. Core was the remaining cell. The majority of events (94%, 0.0035+/-0.0007 events (ev)/microm(2)/s, N=34 cells) were detected within a single frame (typical events, TE). However, a subpopulation (6.0%, 0.00022+/-0.00005 ev/microm(2)/s, N=41 cells: wide long lasting events, WLE) lasted for several frames, showed a greater spatial extent (51.0+/-3.9 vs. TE 9.0+/-0.3 microm(2), P<0.01) and higher amplitude (F/F(0) 1.38+/-0.02 vs. TE 1.20+/-0.003, P<0.01). WLE event rate was increased by phenylephrine (10 microM, P<0.01), inhibited by 2APB and U73122 (P<0.05), and abolished by tetracaine (1 mM) and ryanodine (100 microM). While SSL WLEs were scattered randomly, Core WLEs (n=69 events) were predominantly distributed longitudinally 18.2+/-1.6 microm from the center of nuclei. Immunocytochemistry showed that IP(3)R1s were located not only at SSL region but also near both ends of nucleus overlapping with RyRs. In Purkinje cells, wide long lasting Ca(2+) release events occur in SSL and in specific perinuclear regions. They are likely due to RyRs and IP(3)R1s evoked Ca(2+) release and may play a role in Ca(2+) dependent nuclear processes.

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