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J Med Chem. 2008 Jul 24;51(14):4306-14. doi: 10.1021/jm701600a. Epub 2008 Jun 21.

Synthetic antimicrobial peptidomimetics with therapeutic potential.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Tromsø, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway. bengt-erik.haug@farm.uib.no

Abstract

A series of synthetic antimicrobial peptidomimetics (SAMPs) have been prepared and found to be highly active against several Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial strains. These derivatives comprise the minimal structural requirements for cationic antimicrobial peptides and showed high selectivity for Gram-negative and/or Gram-positive bacteria compared to human red blood cells. We have found that SAMPs share many of the attractive properties of cationic antimicrobial peptides inasmuch that a representative SAMP was found to insert into the bilayers of large unilamellar vesicles, permeabilized both the outer and cytoplasmic membrane of Escherichia coli ML-35p, and displayed an extremely rapid bacterial killing for Staphylococcus aureus. However, while antimicrobial peptides are prone to proteolytic degradation, high in vitro stability in human blood plasma was shown for SAMPs. A combination of high antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant staphylococci and low toxicity against human erythrocytes makes these molecules promising candidates for novel antibacterial therapeutics.

PMID:
18570363
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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