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Acta Virol. 2008;52(2):107-12.

Protection abilities of influenza B virus DNA vaccines expressing hemagglutinin, neuraminidase, or both in mice.

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  • 1College of Life Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, Hunan, PR China.


Every year, a vaccination against Influenza B virus (IBV) is essential due to an antigenic variation. Development of an efficient and convenient vaccine is important for the prevention of viral infection. This study reports examination of the protective immunity in mice evoked by a single inoculation of plasmid DNA expressing hemagglutinin (HA DNA) or neuraminidase (NA DNA) of IBV. The HA DNA or NA DNA was injected intramuscularly into BALB/c mice separately or as a mixture. The injection of plasmid was followed by an electroporation close to the site of puncture. Four weeks later, the immunized mice were challenged with a lethal dose of IBV. The protective abilities of DNA vaccines were evaluated by the detection of specific antibodies in serum, survival rate, virus titer in lungs, and change of body weight. We found that a single dose of HA DNA or NA DNA induced the formation of specific antibodies and conferred effective protection against the lethal challenge of IBV. However, the combined vaccine HA DNA and NA DNA enhanced the protective ability of immunized mice. The obtained results suggested that immunization with single dose of HA DNA, NA DNA or with combination of both could be an efficient method for preventing IBV infection.

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