Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neuroradiology. 2008 Oct;50(10):885-93. doi: 10.1007/s00234-008-0423-5. Epub 2008 Jun 19.

Studying neonatal bilirubin encephalopathy with conventional MRI, MRS, and DWI.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, 410008, People's Republic of China.



The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS), and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for neonatal bilirubin encephalopathy.


We collected conventional MRI in 24 neonates with neonatal bilirubin encephalopathy. We performed (1)H-MRS and DWI sequences to nine of the 24 patients and seven age-matched healthy control subjects. Multiple-voxel (1)H-MRS data were acquired using PRESS pulse sequence with TE = 135 ms and TR = 1500 ms. The spectroscopic regions of interest were the bilateral basal ganglia and thalamus with a 1.0 mL spatial resolution. The data from DWI were collected by using a single shot-spin echo-echo planar imaging sequence with TR/TE: 2900/98, and imaging regions were also focused on the bilateral basal ganglia and thalamus.


Nineteen of the 24 patients had abnormal T(1)-weighted image hyperintensity in the globus pallidus, but these lesions appeared as normal T(2)-weighted image intensity in the same region. Ten of the 24 patients had T(1)-weighted image high signal intensity in the subthalamic nucleus and appeared as normal intensity in the region for the T(2)-weighted images. The peak area ratios of NAA/Cho and NAA/Cr were significantly decreased (t-test, P < 0.05) in the patients compared to the controls in the basal ganglia.


Conventional MR imaging and (1)H-MRS are important complementary tools in the diagnosis of neonatal bilirubin encephalopathy. The study provides important information for applying these MR modalities to evaluate neonates with bilirubin encephalopathy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk