Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Jun 24;105(25):8679-84. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0711546105. Epub 2008 Jun 17.

Efficient and accurate bypass of N2-(1-carboxyethyl)-2'-deoxyguanosine by DinB DNA polymerase in vitro and in vivo.

Author information

  • 1Department of Chemistry and Environmental Toxicology Graduate Program, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0403, USA.


DinB, a Y-family DNA polymerase, is conserved among all domains of life; however, its endogenous substrates have not been identified. DinB is known to synthesize accurately across a number of N(2)-dG lesions. Methylglyoxal (MG) is a common byproduct of the ubiquitous glycolysis pathway and induces the formation of N(2)-(1-carboxyethyl)-2'-deoxyguanosine (N(2)-CEdG) as the major stable DNA adduct. Here, we found that N(2)-CEdG could be detected at a frequency of one lesion per 10(7) nucleosides in WM-266-4 human melanoma cells, and treatment of these cells with MG or glucose led to a dose-responsive increase in N(2)-CEdG formation. We further constructed single-stranded M13 shuttle vectors harboring individual diastereomers of N(2)-CEdG at a specific site and assessed the cytotoxic and mutagenic properties of the lesion in wild-type and bypass polymerase-deficient Escherichia coli cells. Our results revealed that N(2)-CEdG is weakly mutagenic, and DinB (i.e., polymerase IV) is the major DNA polymerase responsible for bypassing the lesion in vivo. Moreover, steady-state kinetic measurements showed that nucleotide insertion, catalyzed by E. coli pol IV or its human counterpart (i.e., polymerase kappa), opposite the N(2)-CEdG is both accurate and efficient. Taken together, our data support that N(2)-CEdG, a minor-groove DNA adduct arising from MG, is an important endogenous substrate for DinB DNA polymerase.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (4)Free text

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk