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Eur J Pharmacol. 2008 Jul 28;589(1-3):73-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.05.008. Epub 2008 May 20.

D-161, a novel pyran-based triple monoamine transporter blocker: behavioral pharmacological evidence for antidepressant-like action.

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA. adutta@wayne.edu <adutta@wayne.edu>

Abstract

Deficiency in dopaminergic activity has been linked to a depressed state in pharmacological and clinical studies. Current pharmacological treatment for depression primarily involves modulation of serotonergic and noradrenergic systems but not dopaminergic neurotransmission. Available pharmacotherapy for depression has a number of drawbacks as a significant number of people are either refractory or develop tolerance to the antidepressant agents resulting in relapse. Furthermore, the slow onset of action of current therapies often poses a challenge for effective treatment. In our effort to develop novel molecules impacting all three above mentioned monoamine systems, we discovered structurally unique pyran derivatives with various profiles in inhibiting monoamine transporters. One of our lead molecules, D-161 exhibited triple monoamine transporter inhibitory activity with the highest affinity for norepinephrine transporter (NET) followed by its affinity for serotonin transporter (SERT) and dopamine transporter (DAT). D-161 exhibited potent activity in reducing immobility significantly in the rat forced swim test as well as in the mouse tail suspension test. Moreover, results from locomotor activity tests indicated that the reduction of immobility by D-161 was not due to motor activation as no significant motor activation was observed when the rats were subjected to the same doses of drug under the same conditions as in the forced swim test. These results suggest that the novel asymmetric pyran derivative D-161 with unique molecular structure exhibiting triple monoamine transporter inhibitory activity could possess potent antidepressant activity.

PMID:
18561912
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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