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J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Jul 16;130(28):8910-2. doi: 10.1021/ja7106542. Epub 2008 Jun 18.

Self-assembly of chiral molecular honeycomb networks on Au(111).

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  • 1Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Feuerwerkerstrasse 39, CH-3602 Thun, Switzerland.


Self-assembly of the specifically designed 3-fold symmetric 1,3,5-trikis(4'-carboxylphenyl)-2,4,6-trikis(4'-tert-butylphenyl)-benzene molecule on a Au(111) surface is investigated by means of in situ ultrahigh vacuum scanning tunneling microscopy. A variety of chiral honeycomb networks with increasing interpore distance is observed. Experiments and force field calculations reveal that the formation of the two-dimensional hexagonal porous networks is driven by a balance of molecular close-packing within half-unit cells and cyclic hydrogen bonding dimerization between half-unit cells. The honeycomb networks are shown to be chiral owing to asymmetric molecular close-packing within the half-unit cells.

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