Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Water Sci Technol. 2008;57(11):1817-23. doi: 10.2166/wst.2008.278.

Defining urban diffuse pollution loadings and receiving water hazard.

Author information

  • 1Urban Pollution Research Centre, Middlesex University, Queensway, Enfield, London, UK. b.ellis@mdx.ac.uk

Abstract

The use of unit area loading approaches to address the requirements of the US Clean Water Act (CWA) and the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) to identify and manage diffuse urban pollution sources is outlined. Issues relating to traditional volume-concentration probabilistic modelling are highlighted and the robustness of total maximum daily load (TMDL) approaches is discussed. A hazard assessment methodology for catchment scale identification of source area pollutant loadings and receiving water ecological impacts is developed based on urban land use activities.

PMID:
18547936
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk