Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
J Occup Environ Med. 2008 Jun;50(6):658-66. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181734330.

Working overtime is associated with anxiety and depression: the Hordaland Health Study.

Author information

  • 1Medical Faculty, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway. elisabeth.kleppa@student.uib.no

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine whether long work hours are associated with increased levels and prevalences of anxiety and depression.

METHODS:

Overtime workers (n = 1350) were compared with a reference group of 9092 workers not working overtime regarding anxiety and depression by means of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Self-reported information on various work-related factors, demographics, lifestyle, and somatic health was included.

RESULTS:

Overtime workers of both genders had significantly higher anxiety and depression levels and higher prevalences of anxiety and depressive disorders compared with those working normal hours. Findings suggest a dose-response relationship between work hours and anxiety or depression.

CONCLUSIONS:

Working overtime is associated with increased levels of anxiety and depression. The working groups differed significantly regarding several factors including income and heavy manual labor.

PMID:
18545093
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk