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Opt Express. 2008 Feb 4;16(3):1692-703.

Reconstruction of the optical system of the human eye with reverse ray-tracing.

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  • 1Department of Experimental Physics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.


We present a practical method for reconstructing the optical system of the human eye from off-axis wavefront measurements. A retinal beacon formed at different locations on the retina allows probing the optical structure of the eye by the outgoing beams that exit the eye through the dilated pupil. A Shack-Hartmann aberrometer measures the amount of wave aberrations in each beam at the exit pupil plane. Wavefront data obtained at different oblique directions is used for tomographic reconstruction by optimizing a generic eye model with reverse ray-tracing. The multi-configuration system is constructed by tracing pre-aberrated beams backwards from each direction through the exit pupil into the optical system of the aberrometer followed by the generic eye model. Matching all wave aberrations measured at each field point is equivalent to minimizing the size of the beacon spots on the retina. The main benefit of having a personalized eye model is the ability to identify the origin of the ocular aberrations and to find the optimal way for their correction.

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