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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Jun;198(6):679.e1-9; discussion 679.e9-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2008.03.032.

Robotic surgery in gynecologic oncology: program initiation and outcomes after the first year with comparison with laparotomy for endometrial cancer staging.

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  • 1Pacific Gynecology Specialists, Inc., Swedish Medical Center, Seattle WA 98104, USA.



The objective of the study was to evaluate outcomes during the first year of a robotic surgery program in gynecologic oncology.


We studied the initiation of a robotic surgery program with prospective data collection, including intraoperative times, estimated blood loss (EBL), length of stay (LOS), lymph node yields, and complications. Patients were compared with historical and contemporary open staging surgery for endometrial cancer.


One hundred eighteen patients underwent robotic surgery (mean age 52.5 years, body mass index of 26.3 kg/m(2), hospital stay of 32.4 hours), with 8 major and 13 minor complications. Compared with open endometrial staging (n = 131), the robotic procedure (n = 25) was longer (283 vs 139 minutes, P < .0001), had less blood loss (66.6 vs 197.6 mL, P < .0001), and had shorter length of stay (40.3 vs 127 hours, P < .0001) with comparable node yields (17.5 vs 13.1, P = .1109).


Robotic surgery is feasible in gynecologic oncology and facilitated a dramatic expansion in our minimally invasive surgical practice. Despite longer operative times, EBL and LOS are reduced and lymph node yields are comparable.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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