Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Curr Pharm Des. 2008;14(15):1468-74.

An update on adenosine A2A-dopamine D2 receptor interactions: implications for the function of G protein-coupled receptors.

Author information

  • 1National Institute on Drug Abuse, IRP, NIH, DHHS, 5500 Nathan Shock Dr., Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. sferre@intra.nida.nih.gov

Abstract

Adenosine A(2A)-dopamine D(2) receptor interactions play a very important role in striatal function. A(2A)-D(2) receptor interactions provide an example of the capabilities of information processing by just two different G protein-coupled receptors. Thus, there is evidence for the coexistence of two reciprocal antagonistic interactions between A(2A) and D(2) receptors in the same neurons, the GABAergic enkephalinergic neurons. An antagonistic A(2A)-D(2) intramembrane receptor interaction, which depends on A(2A)-D(2) receptor heteromerization and G(q/11)-PLC signaling, modulates neuronal excitability and neurotransmitter release. On the other hand, an antagonistic A(2A)-D(2) receptor interaction at the adenylyl-cyclase level, which depends on G(s/olf)- and G(i/o)-type V adenylyl-cyclase signaling, modulates protein phosphorylation and gene expression. Finally, under conditions of upregulation of an activator of G protein signaling (AGS3), such as during chronic treatment with addictive drugs, a synergistic A(2A)-D(2) receptor interaction can also be demonstrated. AGS3 facilitates a synergistic interaction between G(s/olf) - and G(i/o)-coupled receptors on the activation of types II/IV adenylyl cyclase, leading to a paradoxical increase in protein phosphorylation and gene expression upon co-activation of A(2A) and D(2) receptors. The analysis of A(2)-D(2) receptor interactions will have implications for the pathophysiology and treatment of basal ganglia disorders and drug addiction.

PMID:
18537670
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2424285
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (2)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk