Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Pharmacol. 2008 Jun;154(4):797-811. doi: 10.1038/bjp.2008.135. Epub 2008 Apr 21.

Characterization of (R,S)-5,7-di-tert-butyl-3-hydroxy-3-trifluoromethyl-3H-benzofuran-2-one as a positive allosteric modulator of GABAB receptors.

Author information

  • 1Discovery Research CNS, F Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Basel, Switzerland. parichehr.malherbe@roche.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

As baclofen is active in patients with anxiety disorders, GABAB receptors have been implicated in the modulation of anxiety. To avoid the side effects of baclofen, allosteric enhancers of GABAB receptors have been studied to provide an alternative therapeutic avenue for modulation of GABAB receptors. The aim of this study was to characterize derivatives of (R,S)-5,7-di-tert-butyl-3-hydroxy-3-trifluoromethyl-3H-benzofuran-2-one (rac-BHFF) as enhancers of GABAB receptors.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

Enhancing properties of rac-BHFF were assessed in the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-Galpha16-hGABA(B1a,2a) cells by Fluorometric Imaging Plate Reader and GTPgamma[35S]-binding assays, and in rat hippocampal slices by population spike (PS) recordings. In vivo activities of rac-BHFF were assessed using the loss of righting reflex (LRR) and stress-induced hyperthermia (SIH) models.

KEY RESULTS:

In GTPgamma[35S]-binding assays, 0.3 microM rac-BHFF or its pure enantiomer (+)-BHFF shifted the GABA concentration-response curve to the left, an effect that resulted in a large increase in both GABA potency (by 15.3- and 87.3-fold) and efficacy (149% and 181%), respectively. In hippocampal slices, rac-BHFF enhanced baclofen-induced inhibition of PS of CA1 pyramidal cells. In an in vivo mechanism-based model in mice, rac-BHFF increased dose-dependently the LRR induced by baclofen with a minimum effective dose of 3 mg kg(-1) p.o. rac-BHFF (100 mg kg(-1) p.o.) tested alone had no effect on LRR nor on spontaneous locomotor activity, but exhibited anxiolytic-like activity in the SIH model in mice.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

rac-BHFF derivatives may serve as valuable pharmacological tools to elucidate the pathophysiological roles played by GABAB receptors in the central and peripheral nervous systems.

PMID:
18536733
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2439845
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk