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Int J Urol. 2008 Aug;15(8):651-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2042.2008.02081.x. Epub 2008 Jun 3.

Current concepts in hypospadias surgery.

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  • 1Department of Nephro-urology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan.


Anatomical anomalies in hypospadias are an abnormal ventral opening of the urethral meatus, abnormal ventral curvature of the penis and abnormal distribution of the foreskin around the glans with a ventrally deficient hooded foreskin. The techniques of hypospadias surgery continue to evolve. The current standard of care for hypospadias repair includes not only a functional penis adequate for sexual intercourse and urethral reconstruction offering the ability to stand to urinate, but also a satisfactory cosmetic result. Tubularized incised plate repair has been the mainstay for distal hypospadias. In cases of proximal hypospadias, one-stage repairs such as the Duckett repair or the Koyanagi repair have been well established, while two-stage repairs remain important alternatives. Whether dorsal plication or ventral lengthening should be used to correct penile curvature is still controversial, and long-term results are required. Efforts have been made in this decade to improve cosmetic appearance, constructing a slit-like meatus or performing foreskin reconstruction, and to prevent onerous complications.

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