Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am Heart J. 2008 Jun;155(6):992-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2008.01.007. Epub 2008 Feb 21.

Comparison of matrix metalloproteinase 9 and brain natriuretic peptide as clinical biomarkers in chronic heart failure.

Author information

  • 1Penn Cardiovascular Institute, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.



Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) may serve as a biomarker of ventricular remodeling in selected populations, but few studies have assessed its performance in clinical practice. We tested MMP-9 as a biomarker of remodeling and predictor of outcomes in a systolic heart failure cohort derived from clinical practice and compared its performance to brain natriuretic peptide (BNP).


Plasma MMP-9 and BNP levels were measured in 395 outpatients with systolic heart failure who participated in the Penn Heart Failure Study. We tested for (1) cross-sectional associations between biomarker levels, left ventricular end-diastolic dimension index (LVEDDI), and ejection fraction (EF), and (2) associations between baseline biomarker levels and risk of subsequent cardiac hospitalization or death over 3 years of follow-up.


Matrix metalloproteinase 9 had no significant correlation with LVEDDI (rho = 0.04, P = not significant) or EF (rho = -0.06, P = not significant), whereas BNP showed highly significant correlations (LVEDDI: rho = -0.27, P < .0001; EF: rho = -0.35, P < .0001). In multivariate linear regression models, MMP-9 again showed no significant associations with LVEDDI (P = .6) or EF (P = .14), whereas BNP showed strong independent associations (LVEDDI: P < .001; EF: P = .002). Kaplan-Meier analyses showed no difference in hospital-free survival by baseline MMP-9 tertile (P = .7), whereas higher BNP tertile predicted worse survival (P < .0001). In multivariate Cox models, baseline MMP-9 level did not predict risk of adverse outcome (hazard ratio for log increase 0.98, P = .9), whereas BNP was a significant independent predictor (hazard ratio for log increase 1.15, P = .02).


Compared to BNP, MMP-9 is a poor clinical biomarker of remodeling and outcome in patients with systolic heart failure derived from clinical practice.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk