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Int J Parasitol. 2008 Sep;38(11):1257-78. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2008.03.007. Epub 2008 Apr 11.

Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans and animals in the United States.

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  • 1United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705-2350, USA.


This paper reviews clinical and asymptomatic Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans and other animals in the USA. Seroprevalence of T. gondii in humans and pigs is declining. Modes of transmission, epidemiology and environmental contamination with oocysts on land and sea are discussed.

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