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Respirology. 2008 Jun;13(4):510-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1843.2008.01302.x.

mRNA expression of RRM1, ERCC1 and ERCC2 is not associated with chemosensitivity to cisplatin, carboplatin and gemcitabine in human lung cancer cell lines.

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  • 1Department of Thoracic Oncology, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Aichi, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Expression of genes involved in DNA repair and/or DNA synthesis, including ribonucleotide reductase M1 (RRM1) and excision repair cross-complementation 1 (ERCC1) has been reported to be associated with chemosensitivity to platinum agents and gemcitabine. The aim of this study was to test whether similar associations would be seen between mRNA expression for the RRM1, ERCC1 and ERCC2 genes and in vitro chemosensitivity in lung cancer.

METHODS:

Using a panel of 20 lung cancer cell lines, including 15 NSCLC and 5 small cell lung cancers (SCLC), the mRNA expression levels for the RRM1, ERCC1 and ERCC2 genes were examined by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR. The in vitro cytotoxicity of cisplatin, carboplatin and gemcitabine was assessed using a tetrazolium-based colorimetric assay (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide (MTT) assay).

RESULTS:

Significantly, higher RRM1 mRNA expression was found in SCLC compared with NSCLC. However, there were no correlations between mRNA expression of the ERCC1, ERCC2 and RRM1 genes and chemosensitivity to cisplatin, carboplatin or gemcitabine.

CONCLUSIONS:

These in vitro results suggest that further studies are needed to evaluate the expression of the RRM1, ERCC1 and ERCC2 genes as predictive biomarkers for sensitivity to platinum agents and gemcitabine.

PMID:
18494946
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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