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Eur J Echocardiogr. 2008 Nov;9(6):766-71. doi: 10.1093/ejechocard/jen147. Epub 2008 Apr 19.

The associations between tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), ventricular dyssynchrony, and ventricular interaction in heart failure patients.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Utah, 30 North 1900 East, Room 4A100, Salt Lake City, UT 84132-2401, USA.



Ventricular interactions may be mediated by loading conditions and biventricular timing and coordination. We sought to understand the relationships between right (RV) and left ventricular (LV) function and dyssynchrony, examine the RV correlates of LV dyssynchrony, and determine whether improved loading conditions affect inter-ventricular interaction.


In 25 heart failure patients [15 with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40%; 10 with LVEF >/= 50%], Doppler echocardiography and invasive bi-ventricular pressure-volume haemodynamics were obtained at baseline and 30 min after infusion of the recombinant B-type natriuretic peptide vasodilator nesiritide. RV and LV intra-ventricular dyssynchrony was measured invasively using a pressure-conductance catheter. Patients with reduced LVEF had greater LV dyssynchrony (31 +/- 3 vs. 24 +/- 7%; P = 0.003) compared to those with preserved LVEF. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) had the highest correlation with LV dyssynchrony (r = -0.52; P = 0.0002) compared to other RV echocardiographic parameters. The association between TAPSE and LV dyssynchrony was independent of RVEF and LVEF (P = 0.008). There were no acute changes in the correlations between LV dyssynchrony and TAPSE after nesiritide.


TAPSE and LV dyssynchrony are strongly associated, independent of RV and LV ejection fraction. Of the RV echocardiographic parameters, TAPSE has the highest predictive value of LV dyssynchrony, and remained significant after vasodilator unloading.

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