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Brain Res. 1976 Oct 15;115(2):297-310.

Nervous system antigen-5, an antigenic cell surface component of neuroectodermal origin.


The antigenic cell surface component NS-5 (nervous system antigen-5) is recognized by antiserum raised in C3H.SW/Sn mice against cerebellum of 4-day-old C57BL/6J mice. When analyzed in the cytotoxicity test the antiserum detects a cell surface antigen or set of antigens present not only an cerebellum but also other parts of the central nervous system, including retina, as well as on mature spermatozoa and to a lesser degree on kidney. All other non-neural tissues tested, liver, splee, thymocytes, muscle, testis, adrenal gland and epidermis do not express detectable amounts of the antigen. Among seven murine tumors of the nervous system, medulloepithelioma shows high levels of NS-5 expression, whereas neuroblastoma Cl300, glioma G26, glioblastome, ependymoblastoma, ependymoblastoma EPA and glioblastoma G26l do not carry detectable NS-5. All mouse strains tested (C57BL/6J, C3H.SW/Sn, C3H/HeDiSn, A/J, AKR/J, BALB/cJ and DBA/2) express similar levels of NS-5. The antigen is demonstrable not only on postnatal day 4 neural tissue, but also in lower amounts on adult nervous system. On embryonic day 9, the earliest stage tested, and at all subsequent stages during embryonic development, NS-K is already present in brain and spinal cord, but not in gut.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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