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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Jul 18;372(1):210-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.05.032. Epub 2008 May 15.

HGF/SF and menthol increase human glioblastoma cell calcium and migration.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, James H. Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, P.O. Box 70,576, Johnson City, TN 37614-1708, USA. wonderge@etsu.edu


This study explored the role of transient receptor potential melastatin 8 ion channels (TRPM8) in mechanisms of human glioblastoma (DBTRG) cell migration. Menthol stimulated influx of Ca(2+), membrane current, and migration of DBTRG cells. Effects on Ca(2+) and migration were enhanced by pre-treatment with hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF). Effects on Ca(2+) also were greater in migrating cells compared with non-migrating cells. 2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB) inhibited all menthol stimulations. RT-PCR and immunoblot analysis showed that DBTRG cells expressed both mRNA and protein for TRPM8 ion channels. Two proteins were evident: one (130-140 kDa) in a plasma membrane-enriched fraction, and a variant (95-100 kDa) in microsome- and plasma membrane-enriched fractions. Thus, TRPM8 plays a role in mechanisms that increase [Ca(2+)](i) needed for DBTRG cell migration.

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