Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cell. 2008 May 16;133(4):693-703. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2008.03.036.

TNF-alpha induces two distinct caspase-8 activation pathways.

Author information

  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.

Abstract

The inflammatory response of mammalian cells to TNF-alpha can be switched to apoptosis either by cotreatment with a protein synthesis inhibitor, cycloheximide, or Smac mimetic, a small molecule mimic of Smac/Diablo protein. Cycloheximide promotes caspase-8 activation by eliminating endogenous caspase-8 inhibitor, c-FLIP, while Smac mimetic does so by triggering autodegradation of cIAP1 and cIAP2 (cIAP1/2), leading to the release of receptor interacting protein kinase (RIPK1) from the activated TNF receptor complex to form a caspase-8-activating complex consisting of RIPK1, FADD, and caspase-8. This process also requires the action of CYLD, a RIPK1 K63 deubiquitinating enzyme. RIPK1 is critical for caspase-8 activation-induced by Smac mimetic but dispensable for that triggered by cycloheximide. Moreover, Smac mimetic-induced caspase-8 activation is not blocked by endogenous c-FLIP. These findings revealed that TNF-alpha is able to induce apoptosis via two distinct caspase-8 activation pathways that are differentially regulated by cIAP1/2 and c-FLIP.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk