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Am J Prev Med. 2008 Jul;35(1):77-85. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2008.03.030. Epub 2008 May 14.

The effectiveness of interventions for preventing injuries in the construction industry: a systematic review.

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  • 1Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Centre of Expertise for Good Practices and Competence, and the Cochrane Occupational Health Field of the Cochrane Collaboration, Kuopio, Finland. marika.lehtola@ttl.fi

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Occupational injury rates among construction workers are the highest among the major industries. A number of injury-prevention interventions have been proposed, yet the effectiveness of these is uncertain. Thus a systematic review evaluating the effectiveness of interventions for preventing occupational injuries among construction workers was conducted.

METHODS:

Seven databases were searched, from the earliest available dates through June 2006, for published findings of injury prevention in construction studies. Acceptable study designs included RCTs; controlled before-after studies; and interrupted time series (ITS). Effect sizes of similar interventions were pooled into a meta-analysis in January 2007.

RESULTS:

Of 7522 titles found, four ITS studies and one controlled ITS study met the inclusion criteria. The overall methodologic quality was low. No indications of publication bias were found. Findings from a safety-campaign study and a drug-free-workplace study indicated that both interventions significantly reduced the level and the trend of injuries. Three studies that evaluated legislation did not decrease the level (ES 0.69; 95% CI=-1.70, 3.09) and made the downward trend (ES 0.28; 95% CI=0.05, 0.51) of injuries less favorable.

CONCLUSIONS:

Limited evidence was found for the effectiveness of a multifaceted safety campaign and a multifaceted drug program, but no evidence was found that legislation is effective to prevent nonfatal or fatal injuries in the construction industry.

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PMID:
18482821
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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