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BMJ. 2008 May 17;336(7653):1121-3. doi: 10.1136/bmj.39548.738368.BE. Epub 2008 May 14.

Effects of different regimens to lower blood pressure on major cardiovascular events in older and younger adults: meta-analysis of randomised trials.

Author information

  • 1George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, PO Box M201, Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia. fturnbull@george.org.au

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To quantify the relative risk reductions achieved with different regimens to lower blood pressure in younger and older adults.

DESIGN:

Meta-analyses and meta-regression analyses used to compare the effects on the primary outcome between two age groups (<65 v > or =65 years). Evidence for an interaction between age and the effects of treatment sought by fitting age as a continuous variable and estimating overall effects across trials.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

PRIMARY OUTCOME:

total major cardiovascular events.

RESULTS:

31 trials, with 190 606 participants, were included. The meta-analyses showed no clear difference between age groups in the effects of lowering blood pressure or any difference between the effects of the drug classes on major cardiovascular events (all P> or =0.24). Neither was there any significant interaction between age and treatment when age was fitted as a continuous variable (all P>0.09). The meta-regressions also showed no difference in effects between the two age groups for the outcome of major cardiovascular events (<65 v > or =65; P=0.38).

CONCLUSIONS:

Reduction of blood pressure produces benefits in younger (<65 years) and older (> or =65 years) adults, with no strong evidence that protection against major vascular events afforded by different drug classes varies substantially with age.

PMID:
18480116
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2386598
Free PMC Article
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