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Acta Orthop. 2008 Apr;79(2):149-59. doi: 10.1080/17453670710014923.

Accelerated perioperative care and rehabilitation intervention for hip and knee replacement is effective: a randomized clinical trial involving 87 patients with 3 months of follow-up.

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  • 1The Musculoskeletal Research Unit, Department of Orthopedics, Holstebro Regional Hospital, Holstebro, Denmark. fekl2004@msn.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Approximately 12,000 hip and knee replacements were performed in Denmark in 2005. Accelerated perioperative interventions are currently implemented, but there is conflicting evidence regarding the effect. We therefore performed an efficacy study of an accelerated perioperative care and rehabilitation intervention in patients receiving primary total hip replacement, and both total and unicompartmental knee replacement.

METHODS:

A randomized clinical trial was undertaken in which 87 patients were randomized to either a control group receiving the current perioperative procedure, or an intervention group receiving a new accelerated perioperative care and rehabilitation procedure. Outcome measures were length of stay (LOS) in hospital, and gain in quality of life (QOL) using EQ-5D from baseline to 3-month follow-up.

RESULTS:

Mean LOS was reduced (p < 0.001) from 8 days (95% CI: 7.1-8.4) in the control group to 5 days (95% CI: 4.2-5.6) in the intervention group. This was accompanied by a greater gain in QOL of 0.08 (95% CI: 0.004-0.16) in the intervention group (p = 0.03).

INTERPRETATION:

An accelerated perioperative care and rehabilitation intervention in patients undergoing primary total hip replacement, and total or unicompartmental knee replacement is indeed effective-and of advantage to both the hospital and the patient.

PMID:
18478482
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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