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Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2007 Apr;137-140(1-12):141-53. doi: 10.1007/s12010-007-9046-2.

Enzymatic hydrolysis optimization to ethanol production by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation.

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  • 1Centro de Tecnologia-Bloco E, Escola de Química-Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, CEP 21.949-900, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.

Abstract

There is tremendous interest in using agro-industrial wastes, such as cellulignin, as starting materials for the production of fuels and chemicals. Cellulignin are the solids, which result from the acid hydrolysis of the sugarcane bagasse. The objective of this work was to optimize the enzymatic hydrolysis of the cellulose fraction of cellulignin, and to study its fermentation to ethanol using Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Cellulose conversion was optimized using response surface methods with pH, enzyme loading, solid percentage, and temperature as factor variables. The optimum conditions that maximized the conversion of cellulose to glucose, calculated from the initial dried weight of pretreated cellulignin, (43 degrees C, 2%, and 24.4 FPU/g of pretreated cellulignin) such as the glucose concentration (47 degrees C, 10%, and 25.6 FPU/g of pretreated cellulignin) were found. The desirability function was used to find conditions that optimize both, conversion to glucose and glucose concentration (47 degrees C, 10%, and 25.9 FPU/g of pretreated cellulignin). The resulting enzymatic hydrolyzate was fermented yielding a final ethanol concentration of 30.0 g/L, in only 10 h, and reaching a volumetric productivity of 3.0 g/L x h, which is close to the values obtained in the conventional ethanol fermentation of sugar cane juice (5.0-8.0 g/L x h) in Brazil.

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