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Public Health Nurs. 2008 May-Jun;25(3):278-84. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2008.00705.x.

Psychometric properties of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form in an ethnically diverse U.K. sample.

Author information

  • 1University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. anna.gregory@doctors.org.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To psychometrically assess the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (BSES-SF) among a multicultural U.K. sample and to examine the relationship between breastfeeding self-efficacy and maternal demographic variables.

DESIGN:

A cohort study where breastfeeding women completed questionnaires in-hospital and at 4 weeks postpartum.

SAMPLE:

165 breastfeeding women at the maternity ward in Birmingham Women's Hospital inpatient department.

MEASUREMENTS:

BSES-SF.

RESULTS:

The Cronbach's alpha co-efficient was .90 and evidence for predictive validity was demonstrated through exclusively breastfeeding mothers at 4 weeks postpartum having significantly higher in-hospital BSES-SF scores (M=49.4, SD=12.9) than mothers who were partially breastfeeding (M=44.7, SD=9.5) or bottle-feeding, M=42.4, SD=11.7; F(2)=1.62, p<.001. Caucasian mothers had significantly lower mean scores (M=44.4, SD=12.1) than those of other ethnicity, M=48.4, SD=12.9, t(163)=-2.06, p=.04.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study builds upon previous research and provides additional evidence suggesting that the BSES-SF has sound psychometric properties and can be utilized among diverse samples, including Southeast Asian mothers.

PMID:
18477379
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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