Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Psychiatry. 2010 Jan;15(1):101-12. doi: 10.1038/mp.2008.50. Epub 2008 May 13.

Heavy marijuana users show increased serum apolipoprotein C-III levels: evidence from proteomic analyses.

Author information

  • 1Molecular Neuropsychiatry Branch, National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH, BRC, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.

Abstract

Marijuana (MJ) is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States. Its abuse is associated with cognitive dysfunctions and increased resistance to blood flow in the cerebral vasculature. In addition, MJ abuse is associated with increased risks of potentially serious cardiovascular disorders. In the present study, we used the protein chip platform based on surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectroscopy (SELDI-TOF-MS) to test the possibility that MJ abuse might be associated with changes in serum protein levels. Indeed, MJ users showed significant increases in three protein peaks, which were identified as three isoforms of apolipoprotein (apo) C-III. Immunoprecipitation using an apoC-III antibody also validated the identification of the proteins. Marijuana-induced increases in apoC-III levels might occur through chronic stimulation of hepatic cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and/or CB2) by its active ingredient, Delta(9)tetrahydrocannibol (THC). Thus, chronic MJ abuse might cause increased transcription and/or translation of apoC-III in the liver with corresponding changes reflected in the plasma of these patients. In any case, because apoC-III is a cardiovascular risk factor, the increased levels observed in MJ users might explain, in part, the cardiac and cerebral abnormalities reported in these patients.

PMID:
18475272
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2797551
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (6)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk