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Cardiovasc Res. 2008 Sep 1;79(4):671-8. doi: 10.1093/cvr/cvn119. Epub 2008 May 10.

Cross-talk between cytokines and renin-angiotensin in hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus in heart failure: role of nuclear factor-kappaB.

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  • 1Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030001, People's Republic of China. ymkang@lsu.edu

Abstract

AIMS:

Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) is a potent inducer of pro-inflammatory cytokines (PIC) and oxidative stress in cardiovascular disease. In this study, we determined whether upregulation of NF-kappaB in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) contributed to neurohumoral excitation either directly, or via interaction with the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), in heart failure (HF).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Rats were implanted with intracerebroventricular (ICV) cannulae and subjected to coronary artery ligation, or sham surgery (SHAM). Subsequently, animals were ICV treated with the angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1-R) antagonist losartan (LOS, 20 microg/h), or SN50 (2 microg/h), which inhibits nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB, or tempol (TEMP, 80 microg/h), a membrane-permeable superoxide scavenger, or vehicle for 4 weeks. HF induced a significant increase in the expression of AT1-R, PIC, and NAD(P)H oxidase genes and NF-kappaB p50 in the PVN and in plasma norepinephrine (NE) levels when compared with SHAM rats. In contrast, ICV LOS, SN50, or TEMP attenuated PIC, NF-kappaB p50, AT1-R and NAD(P)H oxidase genes in the PVN compared with vehicle-treated HF rats. Treatment with LOS, SN50, or TEMP also reduced plasma levels of NE, angiotensin II, and PIC, and decreased left ventricular end diastolic pressure.

CONCLUSION:

These findings indicate that NF-kappaB mediates the cross-talk between RAS and PIC in the PVN in HF, and that superoxide stimulates more NF-kappaB in the PVN and contributes to neurohumoral excitation.

PMID:
18469338
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2732061
Free PMC Article
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