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Am J Kidney Dis. 2008 Aug;52(2):216-26. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2007.12.044. Epub 2008 May 12.

Albuminuria and dementia in the elderly: a community study.

Author information

  • 1Kaiser Permanente of Georgia, Tucker, GA 30084, USA. joshua.barzilay@kp.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Dementia is associated with microvascular disease of the retina. In this study, we examine whether cognitive status (normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment, and dementia) is associated with albuminuria, a microvascular disorder of the kidney.

STUDY DESIGN:

Cross-sectional analysis.

SETTING & PARTICIPANTS:

2,316 participants from the Cardiovascular Health Cognition Study who underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging and testing for albuminuria.

PREDICTOR:

Doubling of albuminuria.

OUTCOME:

Dementia defined according to neuropsychological and clinical evaluation.

MEASUREMENTS:

Multinomial logistic modeling was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of dementia and mild cognitive impairment with doubling of albuminuria compared with the odds with normal cognition.

RESULTS:

283 participants (12.2%) had dementia, 344 (14.9%) had mild cognitive impairment, and 1,689 (72.9%) had normal cognition. Compared with participants with normal cognition, doubling of albuminuria was associated with increased odds of dementia (OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.15 to 1.29). Adjustment for prevalent cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular risk factors, lipid levels, C-reactive protein level, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and apolipoprotein E-4 genotype attenuated this association, but it remained statistically significant (OR, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.22). Mild cognitive impairment was associated with albuminuria on unadjusted analysis, but not with adjustment for other factors.

LIMITATIONS:

Results are cross-sectional; causality cannot be imputed.

CONCLUSIONS:

The odds of dementia increased in the presence of albuminuria. These findings suggest a role of shared susceptibility for microvascular disease in the brain and kidney in older adults.

Comment in

PMID:
18468749
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2607238
Free PMC Article

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