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J Mass Spectrom. 2008 Oct;43(10):1421-31. doi: 10.1002/jms.1423.

Structural characterization of isoprenylated flavonoids from Kushen by electrospray ionization multistage tandem mass spectrometry.

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  • 1College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, PR China.

Abstract

Eighteen isoprenylated flavonoids (8 flavanones, 3 flavanols, and 7 chalcones) isolated from Kushen or synthesized were studied by positive and negative ion electrospray ionization multistage tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS(n)). Plausible fragmentation patterns were obtained by comparing their MS(n) spectra with each other, which were further supported by high-resolution MS data and two model compounds. It was shown that the 2'-OH group would make the C-ring of flavonoids studied more labile through a six-membered mechanism, resulting in base peaks of (1,3)A+ (positive mode) and (1,4)A(-) (negative mode). In addition, the 2'-OH is also responsible for the neutral loss of water in (+)ESI/MS(2) of flavanones. The neutral loss of water (or methanol) in (-)ESI/MS(2) of flavanols was elucidated by a E2 elimination mechanism. Different relative abundances (RA) of (1,3)A(+) and S(+) in (+)ESI/MS(2) spectra were used to discriminate flavanones with their open-ring products, chalcones, since the equilibrium for flavanone<-->chalcone isomerization in ESI ion source could not be obtained in positive mode.

PMID:
18464298
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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