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J Chem Neuroanat. 2008 Jul;35(4):306-16. doi: 10.1016/j.jchemneu.2008.03.005. Epub 2008 Mar 29.

Distribution of calretinin during development of the olfactory system in the brown trout, Salmo trutta fario: Comparison with other immunohistochemical markers.

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  • 1Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of A Coruña, 15071 A Coruña, Spain.


Immunocytochemical techniques were used to investigate the appearance and distribution of calretinin in the olfactory system of developing and adult brown trout (Salmo trutta fario L.). The earliest calretinin-immunoreactive (CR-ir) cells were detected in the olfactory placode of 5-mm embryos. In 8-mm embryos, a CR-ir olfactory nerve was observed. The number of CR-ir olfactory receptor cells increased rapidly, and in fry and adults they were characterized by light and electron microscopy as pertaining to three morphological types of receptor cell, called microvillous, ciliated and rod-like cells or crypt cells. Comparisons of the cells labeled with CR and with more general olfactory markers (acetylated tubulin and keyhole limpet haemocyanin) in alevins and fry revealed that CR-ir cells represent only a subpopulation of olfactory receptor cells. Large cells located in the primordial mitral cell layer were the first CR-ir neuronal population of the olfactory bulbs and were observed in 7-mm embryos. These cells express high HuC/D immunoreactivity and were negative for glutamic acid decarboxylase and tyrosine hydroxylase. CR immunoreactivity diminished with development and most large cells of the mitral cell layer were CR-negative in fry. In later embryos and in alevins, CR-ir granule-like cells were observed in the olfactory bulbs. Comparisons of the terminal fields of primary olfactory fibers labeled with CR and with a more general olfactory marker in the olfactory bulbs of fry and adults revealed significant differences, with most glomeruli of the dorsomedial field receiving CR-negative olfactory fibers. These results suggest new criteria for understanding the organization of the olfactory system of the trout, and hence of teleosts. Our results also suggest that CR is involved in specific functions in the olfactory system during development.

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