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PLoS One. 2008 May 7;3(5):e2132. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002132.

Antimalarial drug quality in the most severely malarious parts of Africa - a six country study.

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  • 1Africa Fighting Malaria, Washington, DC, United States of America.

Abstract

A range of antimalarial drugs were procured from private pharmacies in urban and peri-urban areas in the major cities of six African countries, situated in the part of that continent and the world that is most highly endemic for malaria. Semi-quantitative thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and dissolution testing were used to measure active pharmaceutical ingredient content against internationally acceptable standards. 35% of all samples tested failed either or both tests, and were substandard. Further, 33% of treatments collected were artemisinin monotherapies, most of which (78%) were manufactured in disobservance of an appeal by the World Health Organisation (WHO) to withdraw these clinically inappropriate medicines from the market. The high persistence of substandard drugs and clinically inappropriate artemisinin monotherapies in the private sector risks patient safety and, through drug resistance, places the future of malaria treatment at risk globally.

PMID:
18461128
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2324203
Free PMC Article
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