Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2008 May;65(5):542-50. doi: 10.1001/archpsyc.65.5.542.

Amyloid-associated depression: a prodromal depression of Alzheimer disease?

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Tufts-New England Medical Center, Campus Box 1007, 750 Washington St, Boston, MA 02111, USA.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

A high ratio of plasma amyloid-beta peptide 40 (Abeta(40)) to Abeta(42), determined by both high Abeta(40) and low Abeta(42) levels, increases the risk of Alzheimer disease. In a previous study, we reported that depression is also associated with low plasma Abeta(42) levels in the elderly population.

OBJECTIVE:

To characterize plasma Abeta(40):Abeta(42) ratio and cognitive function in elderly individuals with and without depression.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING:

Homecare agencies.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 995 homebound elderly individuals of whom 348 were defined as depressed by a Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression score of 16 or greater.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Cognitive domains of memory, language, executive, and visuospatial functions according to levels of plasma Abeta(40) and Abeta(42) peptides.

RESULTS:

Subjects with depression had lower plasma Abeta(42) levels (median, 14.1 vs 19.2 pg/mL; P = .006) and a higher plasma Abeta(40):Abeta(42) ratio (median, 8.9 vs 6.4; P < .001) than did those without depression in the absence of cardiovascular disease and antidepressant use. The interaction between depression and plasma Abeta(40):Abeta(42) ratio was associated with lower memory score (beta = -1.9, SE = 0.7, P = .006) after adjusting for potentially confounders. Relative to those without depression, "amyloid-associated depression," defined by presence of depression and a high plasma Abeta(40):Abeta(42) ratio, was associated with greater impairment in memory, visuospatial ability, and executive function; in contrast, nonamyloid depression was not associated with memory impairment but with other cognitive disabilities.

CONCLUSION:

Amyloid-associated depression may define a subtype of depression representing a prodromal manifestation of Alzheimer disease.

PMID:
18458206
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3042807
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (1)Free text

Figure
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk