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Biosens Bioelectron. 2008 Sep 15;24(1):129-35. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2008.03.017. Epub 2008 Mar 26.

Highly sensitive electrochemical detection of immunospecies based on combination of Fc label and PPD film/gold nanoparticle amplification.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory for Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, PR China.


A highly sensitive electrochemical immunoassay strategy based on the combination of ferrocene (Fc) label and poly(o-phenylenediamine) (PPD) film/gold nanoparticle (GNP) amplification for the detection of immunospecies is proposed using human IgG as the model analyte. A gold electrode is firstly modified with an electropolymerized film of poly(o-phenylenediamine), which provides a stable matrix with abundant amino-groups for the fabrication of sensing interface. Using glutaraldehyde as a cross-linker, cystamine is coupled onto the modified electrode. Subsequently, gold nanoparticle monolayer is assembled onto the resulting surface. Making use of the unique properties of gold nanoparticles, antibodies can be self-assembled onto the surface-confined gold nanoparticles via amine-Au affinity with a high loading amount and reserve high immunological activity. After the introduction of model analyte, the ferrocene (Fc)-labeled antibody is immobilized on the sensing interface by antibody-antigen specific reaction, resulting in a redox current signal. The peak current is proportional to the amount of the analyte. Under the optimized experimental conditions, the proposed sensing strategy provides a wide linear dynamic range from 25 to 1000 pg/mL with a low detection limit of 10 pg/mL. In addition, good reproducibility, high selectivity and stability are achieved. In particular, the extremely high stability of both poly(o-phenylenediamine) and gold nanoparticle monolayer allows the designed biosensing interface to withstand harsh regeneration treatment, making it reusable.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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