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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2008 Jul 15;475(2):93-9. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2008 Apr 20.

Impairment of human CYP1A2-mediated xenobiotic metabolism by Antley-Bixler syndrome variants of cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase.

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  • 1Department of Genetics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Rua da Junqueira 96, 1349-008 Lisbon, Portugal. <>


Y459H and V492E mutations of cytochrome P450 reductase (CYPOR) cause Antley-Bixler syndrome due to diminished binding of the FAD cofactor. To address whether these mutations impaired the interaction with drug-metabolizing CYPs, a bacterial model of human liver expression of CYP1A2 and CYPOR was implemented. Four models were generated: POR(null), POR(wt), POR(YH), and POR(VE), for which equivalent CYP1A2 and CYPOR levels were confirmed, except for POR(null), not containing any CYPOR. The mutant CYPORs were unable to catalyze cytochrome c and MTT reduction, and were unable to support EROD and MROD activities. Activity was restored by the addition of FAD, with V492E having a higher apparent FAD affinity than Y459H. The CYP1A2-activated procarcinogens, 2-aminoanthracene, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone, and 2-amino-3-methylimidazo(4,5-f)quinoline, were significantly less mutagenic in POR(YH) and POR(VE) models than in POR(wt), indicating that CYP1A2, and likely other drug-metabolizing CYPs, are impaired by ABS-related POR mutations as observed in the steroidogenic CYPs.

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