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Neuropsychobiology. 2008;57(1-2):49-54. doi: 10.1159/000129667. Epub 2008 May 2.

Association study between antipsychotics- induced restless legs syndrome and polymorphisms of dopamine D1, D2, D3, and D4 receptor genes in schizophrenia.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The cause of restless legs syndrome (RLS) is not yet clear, but more promising theories involve dopaminergic deficiency and genetic causes. This study investigated whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the genes of dopamine receptors DRD1, DRD2, DRD3 and DRD4 are associated with antipsychotics-induced RLS in schizophrenia.

METHODS:

We evaluated 190 Korean schizophrenic patients using the diagnostic criteria of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group and its rating scale for RLS. Genotyping was performed for the DRD1 gene -48A/G, DRD2 gene TaqI A, DRD3 gene Ser9Gly and DRD4 gene -521C/T single-nucleotide polymorphisms. The method of multifactor dimensionality reduction was used to analyze gene-gene interactions.

RESULTS:

We classified the schizophrenic patients into 96 with and 94 without RLS symptoms. The genotype frequencies of all polymorphisms investigated did not differ significantly between these 2 groups. MDR analysis did not show a significant effect of the 4 dopamine receptor gene variants on susceptibility to antipsychotic-induced RLS symptoms (p > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

These genetics data suggest that the analyzed polymorphisms of the dopamine genes may not be associated with RLS symptoms in schizophrenia. Confirming the results reported here requires a larger-scale study involving patients taking specific antipsychotics.

2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.

PMID:
18451638
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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