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AIDS Care. 2008 Apr;20(4):488-94. doi: 10.1080/09540120701868311.

Cofactor infections and HIV epidemics in developing countries: implications for treatment.

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  • 1Department of Economics, American University, Washington, DC, USA. lsawers@american.edu

Abstract

This article shows that the burden of certain tropical disease infections, after controlling for other factors, is positively correlated with HIV prevalence. Using cross-national data and multivariate linear regression analysis, we investigate the determinants of HIV prevalence in low- and middle-income countries. We begin with social and economic variables used in other cross-national studies and then incorporate data on parasitic and infectious diseases endemic in poor populations, which are found to be strongly and significantly correlated with--and are potent predictors of--HIV prevalence. The paper concludes by arguing that treating tropical diseases may be a cost-effective add-on to HIV-prevention and -treatment programs, thus slowing the spread of HIV in disease-burdened populations.

PMID:
18449828
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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