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Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2008 May;9(3):310-2. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0b013e31816c7151.

Assessment of cardiac output in children: a comparison between the pressure recording analytical method and Doppler echocardiography.

Author information

  • 1Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Meyer Children's Hospital, Florence, Italy. m.calamandrei@meyer.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess cardiac output in pediatric patients with the pressure recording analytical method (PRAM) and the Doppler echocardiography method. PRAM derives cardiac output from beat-by-beat analysis of the arterial pressure profile (systolic and diastolic phase) in the time domain.

DESIGN:

A prospective observational study.

SETTING:

Pediatric intensive care unit at a tertiary care children's hospital.

PATIENTS:

Forty-eight patients between the ages of 1 month and 18 yrs.

INTERVENTIONS:

Femoral or radial artery catheterization and mechanical ventilation.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Cardiac output was simultaneously estimated by Doppler echocardiography and PRAM. Cardiac output values obtained by Doppler echocardiography (2.7 +/- 1.6 L/min, range 0.92-8.20) were significantly correlated with those estimated by PRAM (2.6 +/- 1.7 L/min, range 0.89-7.48; r2 = .99, p < .01). The mean difference between the two estimates was 0.12 +/- 0.27 L x min(-1) (95% confidence interval, -0.54 to 0.77 L x min(-1)).

CONCLUSIONS:

In the range of ages evaluated, PRAM provides reliable estimates of cardiac output when compared with noninvasive techniques.

Comment in

PMID:
18446106
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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