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Psychol Bull. 2008 May;134(3):460-76. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.134.3.460.

The role of the media in body image concerns among women: a meta-analysis of experimental and correlational studies.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1202 West Johnson Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA. grabe@wisc.edu

Abstract

Research suggests that exposure to mass media depicting the thin-ideal body may be linked to body image disturbance in women. This meta-analysis examined experimental and correlational studies testing the links between media exposure to women's body dissatisfaction, internalization of the thin ideal, and eating behaviors and beliefs with a sample of 77 studies that yielded 141 effect sizes. The mean effect sizes were small to moderate (ds = -.28, -.39, and -.30, respectively). Effects for some outcome variables were moderated by publication year and study design. The findings support the notion that exposure to media images depicting the thin-ideal body is related to body image concerns for women.

(Copyright) 2008 APA, all rights reserved.

PMID:
18444705
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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