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Appl Neuropsychol. 2008;15(1):61-8. doi: 10.1080/09084280801917806.

The use of a self-generation memory encoding strategy to improve verbal memory and learning in patients with traumatic brain injury.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0376, USA. scheffbk@email.uc.edu

Abstract

The generation effect refers to the theory that optimal acquisition and retention of information is achieved by active participation rather than by passive observation. The efficacy of a self-generation memory encoding strategy was tested using a verbal paired-associate task for free recall, cued recall, and recognition memory in 40 traumatically brain-injured outpatients in two studies. In study #1, self-generation encoding procedures improved recognition memory, but not free recall, compared with the didactic presentation of information. In study #2, self-generation procedures improved cued recall test performance, but the results demonstrated that the type of cue that is provided moderates the efficacy of self-generation procedures. Results provide preliminary empirical support for the use of self-generation encoding procedures in improving upon verbal memory and learning abilities in individuals with TBI.

PMID:
18443942
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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