Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Ann Plast Surg. 2008 Mar;60(3):306-22. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e3180621ff0.

Role of gender and anatomical region on induction of osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells.

Author information

  • 1Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.

Abstract

Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) display multilineage plasticity and, under appropriate conditions, can mineralize their extracellular matrix and undergo osteogenesis. The aims of this study are to examine in vitro osteogenic differentiation properties of ASCs to assess the role of gender, fat depot, and optimal duration as variables for differentiation. Human ASCs were isolated from superficial and deep adipose layers of the abdominoplasty specimens obtained from patients undergoing elective surgeries. ASCs were cultured in osteogenic media (OM). After 1, 2, and 4 weeks of differentiation, cultures were assessed for markers of osteogenesis. Alkaline phosphatase (AP), alizarin red (AR) and Masson trichrome (MT) stainings for osteoblastic transformation, matrix mineralization, and collagen production; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for Gla-osteocalcin; and Western blot analysis for osteonectin protein expression were performed. Osteogenic differentiation began as early as 1 week. Cells exhibited a vertical growth pattern, lacunae formed in the cultures, matrix volume increased, and mineralization was observed. Differences in AP staining were most evident during the first week. AR activity progressively increased over 4 weeks, and collagen was secreted only by differentiated ASCs. There was no significant difference in the degree of osteogenic differentiation between the ASCs from both depots in the female. In the male, the superficial depot ASCs differentiated faster and more efficiently than those of the deep depot. Male ASCs from both depots differentiated more effectively than female ASCs from both depots. We describe a hierarchy of osteogenic differentiation potential based on gender and anatomic harvest site by layering adipose tissues of the abdominal wall. ASCs derived from male superficial layer were most efficient in achieving osteogenesis. In future clinical applications using stem cells for osseous healing, these gender and depot differences will guide our clinical methods.

PMID:
18443514
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk