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J Exp Bot. 2008;59(8):1987-96. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ern060. Epub 2008 Apr 24.

The peripheral xylem of grapevine (Vitis vinifera). 1. Structural integrity in post-veraison berries.

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  • 1Section of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95166, USA.

Abstract

During the development of many fleshy fruits, water flow becomes progressively more phloemic and less xylemic. In grape (Vitis vinifera L.), the current hypothesis to explain this change is that the tracheary elements of the peripheral xylem break as a result of berry growth, rendering the xylem structurally discontinuous and hence non-functional. Recent work, however, has shown via apoplastic dye movement through the xylem of post-veraison berries that the xylem should remain structurally intact throughout berry development. To corroborate this, peripheral xylem structure in developing Chardonnay berries was investigated via maceration and plastic sectioning. Macerations revealed that, contrary to current belief, the xylem was comprised mostly of vessels with few tracheids. In cross-section, the tracheary elements of the vascular bundles formed almost parallel radial files, with later formed elements toward the epidermis and earlier formed elements toward the centre of the berry. Most tracheary elements remained intact throughout berry maturation, consistent with recent reports of vascular dye movement in post-veraison berries.

PMID:
18440931
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2413285
Free PMC Article
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