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Int Fam Plan Perspect. 2008 Mar;34(1):6-14. doi: 10.1363/ifpp.34.006.08.

Fertility-limiting behavior and contraceptive choice among men in Nepal.

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  • 1Centre for Nepal Studies UK, Southampton, UK.



Contraceptive choices among men who want no more children have been little explored in South Asia, particularly in Nepal, where fertility rates have remained high over the last few decades.


Using the 2001 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey couple data set, multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted for 1,041 married men aged 20 or older who had at least one living child and wanted no more children. Regression models examined relationships between selected characteristics and men's reported contraceptive use, and predicted probabilities were estimated to assess interactions between ecological zone, family composition and method choice. The primary goal was to determine whether the number and sex of living children influenced contraceptive use.


Twenty-four percent of men who wanted no more children were not using any contraceptive method at the time of the survey, 30% reported that their wives were sterilized, 12% had had a vasectomy, 7% were using condoms and 27% used other temporary methods. The probability of relying on permanent methods was highest among men who had at least two living sons and lowest among those who had only daughters, while the probability of using no method was highest among those who had only daughters.


In Nepal, men who report a desire to have no more children are likely to choose permanent methods only after they have two living sons.

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