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Am J Hypertens. 2008 Jun;21(6):605-12. doi: 10.1038/ajh.2008.159. Epub 2008 Apr 17.

Pediatric hypertension: recent trends and accomplishments, future challenges.

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  • Division of Nephrology, Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, Washington, USA. joseph.flynn@seattlechildrens.org


Publication of the Fourth Report on high blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents by the National High BP Education Program (NHBPEP) in 2004 has been followed by a remarkable increase in interest in pediatric hypertension. New data have emerged on the epidemiology of hypertension in the young, the influence of the childhood obesity epidemic on BP, how ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) can be used in evaluating elevated BP and the extent of hypertensive target-organ damage in the pediatric age group. Exciting new information on drug treatment of pediatric hypertension has been produced by industry-sponsored clinical trials of antihypertensive medications spurred by the FDA Modernization Act (FDAMA) and successor legislation. Despite these trends, recognition of elevated BP in children and adolescents by primary care providers remains problematic. This article will highlight these and other aspects of pediatric hypertension, hopefully providing a snapshot of where we are in early 2008, and pointing out areas where further work is needed in order to reduce the future burden of adult cardiovascular disease.

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