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Eur J Pediatr. 1991 Feb;150(4):224-7.

Diffuse infantile haemangiomatosis: clinicopathological features and management problems in five fatal cases.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


The clinicopathological features of five fatal cases of diffuse haemangiomatosis presenting in neonatal life or early infancy are presented. The infants all had multiple skin haemangiomas as well as deep-seated lesions in many different tissues that caused protean clinical manifestations and management problems. Because the outlook may be improved by early diagnosis and application of new modes of treatment, any infant with multiple cutaneous haemangiomas should be closely assessed for possible visceral involvement. Development of hepatomegaly, high-output cardiac failure, unexplained anaemia or thrombocytopenia in these infants should immediately suggest disseminated disease. Early recognition with implementation of steroid and/or antiangiogenic therapy, embolization and/or surgery is essential to improve the chances of survival.

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