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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008 Nov;1779(11):678-81. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2008.03.009. Epub 2008 Apr 8.

Regulation of mammalian microRNA processing and function by cellular signaling and subcellular localization.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Institute, University of Illinois-Chicago, 1601 W. Taylor Street MC912, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.


For many microRNAs, in many normal tissues and in cancer cells, the cellular levels of mature microRNAs are not simply determined by transcription of microRNA genes. This mini-review will discuss how microRNA biogenesis and function can be regulated by various nuclear and cytoplasmic processing events, including emerging evidence that microRNA pathway components can be selectively regulated by control of their subcellular localization and by modifications that occur during dynamic cellular signaling. Finally, I will briefly summarize studies of microRNAs in synaptic fractions of adult mouse forebrain, which may serve as a model for other cell types as well.

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